- The three parts of an argument are _____________, inference, and conclusion:
- The law of excluded middle states
something cannot both be and not be at the same time
the middle term must be distributed in the premises at least once
something either is or is not
something is what it is
- According to the reading, even God cannot create a contradiction.
- A mixed hypothetical syllogism in which the premise denies the consequent is called:
- The Latin phrase that means ‘it does not follow’ is:
- This may be the most well-known fallacy of presumption:
begging the question
- This fallacy is sometimes referred to as the false dilemma:
- Identify the fallacy: The Bible says we should do to others what we would have them to do for us. Therefore I have no problem sharing the questions and answers of this quiz with another student.
- “Begging the question” is a fallacy of presumption.
- Identify the fallacy: He’s the third student I’ve caught cheating on the test. It just proves that you can’t trust students these days.
- Occam’s razor says:
the best explanation is usually philosophical
the best argument is usually comprehensive
the strongest argument is usually the positive/negative approach
the simplest explanation is usually the best
- The principle of simplicity says we should try to simplify complex arguments.
- A best explanation approach is often the best way to argue because many issues in philosophy do not have perfect solutions.
- Which of the following should we do first in our analysis of the ‘validity’ of an argument?
determine if these premises lead to this conclusion
determine if the premises are true
determine if there are any informal fallacies
determine if we agree with the conclusion before evaluating the validity or strength of the argument
- The term for beliefs relating together in a way that is mutually supportive:
- An inference drawn from statistical reasoning is deductive.
- In a deductive syllogism, if the premises are true and the conclusion is true, then the argument is valid.
- The formal procedure for writing out a deductive argument is called
- Type of argument that begins with a problem with an unknown explanation, forms a theory and tests the theory.
- An argument may be evaluated as “true” or “false.”