Systems design job-order costing | Accounting homework help

 
   

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True / False Questions
 

1. Job-order costing would be more likely to be used than process costing in situations where many different products or services are produced each period to customer specifications. 
True    False

 

2. In a job-order costing system, costs are traced to departments and then allocated to units of product using an average process. 
True    False

 

3. Job-order costing is used in those situations where units of a product are homogeneous, such as in the manufacture of sugar. 
True    False

 

4. Job-order costing is usually not used in service organizations such as hospitals and law firms. 
True    False

 

5. The three cost categories appearing on a job cost sheet are: selling expense, manufacturing expense, and administrative expense. 
True    False

 

6. The labor time ticket contains the details of how much time an employee takes on each task throughout the day. 
True    False

 

7. In order to improve the accuracy of unit costs, most companies recompute the predetermined overhead rate each month. 
True    False

 

8. Use of a single, plantwide overhead rate is generally appropriate only for very large manufacturing companies. 
True    False

 

9. Predetermined overhead rates are based on actual cost and activity data. 
True    False

 

10. The following journal entry would be made to apply overhead cost to jobs in a job-order costing system:

    
True    False

 

11. When completed goods are sold, the transaction is recorded as a debit to Cost of Goods Sold and a credit to Work in Process. 
True    False

 

12. When the predetermined overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours, the amount of overhead applied to a job is proportional to the amount of actual direct labor-hours incurred on the job. 
True    False

 

13. Actual manufacturing overhead costs are traced to specific jobs. 
True    False

 

14. A credit balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account at the end of the year means that overhead was underapplied. 
True    False

 

15. The sum of all amounts transferred from the Work in Process account and into the Finished Goods account represents the Cost of Goods Manufactured for the period. 
True    False

 

16. The most common accounting treatment of underapplied manufacturing overhead is to transfer it to the Manufacturing Overhead control account. 
True    False

 

 


Multiple Choice Questions
 

17. Which of the following companies would be most likely to use a job-order costing system rather than a process costing system? 
A. fast food restaurant
B. shipbuilding
C. crude oil refining
D. candy making

 

18. Computing unit product costs involves averaging in:

    
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

 

19. For which situation(s) below would an organization be more likely to use a job-order costing system of accumulating product costs rather than a process costing system? 
A. a steel factory that processes iron ore into steel bars
B. a factory that processes sugar and other ingredients into black licorice
C. a costume maker that makes specialty costumes for figure skaters
D. all of the above

 

20. In job-order costing, all of the following statements are correct with respect to labor time and cost except: 
A. time tickets are kept by employees showing the amount of work on specific jobs.
B. the job cost sheet for a job will contain all direct labor charges to that particular job.
C. labor cost that can be traced to a job only with a great deal of effort is treated as part of manufacturing overhead.
D. a machine operator performing routine annual maintenance work on a piece of equipment would charge the maintenance time to a specific job.

 

21. Which of the following documents is used to specify the type and quantity of materials drawn from the storeroom, and identifies the job to which the costs of the materials are to be charged? 
A. Job Cost Sheet
B. Bill of Materials
C. Material Requisition Form
D. Purchase Order

 

22. Choice of allocation base should be made based on: 
A. the relative size of the base.
B. the base’s relation to direct labor.
C. the base’s activity.
D. whether the base actually drives the cost being allocated.

 

23. In a job-order costing system, the journal entry to record the application of overhead cost to jobs would include: 
A. a credit to the Manufacturing Overhead account.
B. a credit to the Work in Process inventory account.
C. a debit to Cost of Goods Sold.
D. a debit to the Manufacturing Overhead account.

 

24. Ivory Company uses a job-order costing system. What year-end journal entry could Ivory make to dispose of (close out) $4,150 of overapplied manufacturing overhead cost?

    
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

 

25. In a job-order costing system, the use of indirect materials would usually be recorded as a debit to: 
A. Raw Materials.
B. Work in Process.
C. Manufacturing Overhead.
D. Finished Goods.

 

26. In a job-order costing system, direct labor costs usually are recorded initially with a debit to: 
A. Manufacturing Overhead.
B. Finished Goods inventory.
C. Direct Labor Expense.
D. Work in Process.

 

27. In a job-order costing system, the entry to record depreciation on manufacturing equipment would include: 
A. a debit to the Work in Process inventory account.
B. a debit to the Depreciation Expense account.
C. a debit to the Manufacturing Overhead account.
D. a credit to the Work in Process inventory account.

 

28. Which of the following accounts is debited when indirect labor is recorded? 
A. Work in Process
B. Salaries and Wages Expense
C. Salaries and Wages Payable
D. Manufacturing Overhead

 

29. When applying manufacturing overhead to jobs, the formula to calculate the amount is as follows: 
A. Predetermined overhead rate divided by the actual manufacturing overhead incurred on the particular job.
B. Predetermined overhead rate times the actual manufacturing overhead incurred on the particular job.
C. Predetermined overhead rate divided by the actual units of allocation base charged to the particular job.
D. Predetermined overhead rate times the actual units of allocation base charged to the particular job.

 

30. In a job-order costing system, the amount of overhead cost that has been applied to a job that remains incomplete at the end of a period: 
A. is deducted on the Income Statement as overapplied overhead.
B. is closed to Cost of Goods Sold.
C. is transferred to Finished Goods at the end of the period.
D. is part of the ending balance of the Work in Process inventory account.

 

31. If a company applies overhead to jobs on the basis of a predetermined overhead rate, a credit balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account at the end of any period means that: 
A. more overhead cost has been charged to jobs than has been incurred during the period.
B. more overhead cost has been incurred during the period than has been charged to jobs.
C. the amount of overhead cost charged to jobs is greater than the estimated cost for the period.
D. the amount of overhead cost charged to jobs is less than the estimated overhead cost for the period.

 

32. Which of the following situations always results in underapplied overhead? 
A. actual overhead is greater than applied overhead
B. actual overhead is less than applied overhead
C. estimated overhead is greater than actual overhead
D. estimated overhead is less than actual overhead

 

33. When closing overapplied manufacturing overhead to cost of goods sold, which of the following would be true? 
A. Work in process will decrease.
B. Cost of goods sold will increase.
C. Net income will decrease.
D. Gross margin will increase.

 

34. The Work in Process inventory account of a manufacturing company shows a balance of $2,400 at the end of an accounting period. The job cost sheets of the two uncompleted jobs show charges of $400 and $200 for direct materials, and charges of $300 and $500 for direct labor. From this information, it appears that the company is using a predetermined overhead rate, as a percentage of direct labor costs, of: 
A. 80%
B. 125%
C. 300%
D. 240%

 

35. Job 607 was recently completed. The following data have been recorded on its job cost sheet:

   

The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is $14 per machine-hour. The total cost that would be recorded on the job cost sheet for Job 607 would be: 
A. $4,107
B. $6,319
C. $3,432
D. $4,863

 

36. The following data have been recorded for recently completed Job 501 on its job cost sheet. Direct materials cost was $3,067. A total of 30 direct labor-hours and 104 machine-hours were worked on the job. The direct labor wage rate is $12 per labor-hour. The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is $11 per machine-hour. The total cost for the job on its job cost sheet would be: 
A. $4,571
B. $3,757
C. $3,090
D. $3,427

 

37. Freeman Company uses a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor-hours to apply manufacturing overhead to jobs. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated manufacturing overhead would be $150,000 and direct labor-hours would be 10,000. The actual figures for the year were $186,000 for manufacturing overhead and 12,000 direct labor-hours. The cost records for the year will show: 
A. overapplied overhead of $30,000
B. underapplied overhead of $30,000
C. underapplied overhead of $6,000
D. overapplied overhead of $6,000

 

38. Harrell Company uses a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor-hours to apply manufacturing overhead to jobs. At the beginning of the year the company estimated its total manufacturing overhead cost at $400,000 and its direct labor-hours at 100,000 hours. The actual overhead cost incurred during the year was $350,000 and the actual direct labor-hours incurred on jobs during the year was 90,000 hours. The manufacturing overhead for the year would be: 
A. $10,000 underapplied
B. $10,000 overapplied
C. $50,000 underapplied
D. $50,000 overapplied

 

39. For the current year, Paxman Company incurred $150,000 in actual manufacturing overhead cost. The Manufacturing Overhead account showed that overhead was overapplied in the amount of $6,000 for the year. If the predetermined overhead rate was $8.00 per direct labor-hour, how many hours were worked during the year? 
A. 19,500 hours
B. 18,000 hours
C. 18,750 hours
D. 17,750 hours

 

40. At the beginning of the year, manufacturing overhead for the year was estimated to be $702,450. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 33,100 hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $697,450, and manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $40,680. If the predetermined overhead rate is based on direct labor-hours, then the estimated direct labor-hours at the beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been: 
A. 31,500 direct labor-hours
B. 29,452 direct labor-hours
C. 31,276 direct labor-hours
D. 33,100 direct labor-hours

 

41. Brabo Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 15,700 hours. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 16,700 hours, the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $352,960, and manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $27,800. The estimated manufacturing overhead at the beginning of the year used in the predetermined overhead rate must have been: 
A. $327,124
B. $357,960
C. $380,760
D. $347,960

 

42. Crimp Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the beginning of the year, the estimated direct labor-hours were 15,000 hours and the total estimated manufacturing overhead was $258,000. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 13,100 hours and the actual manufacturing overhead for the year was $253,000. Overhead at the end of the year was: 
A. $27,680 overapplied
B. $32,680 overapplied
C. $27,680 underapplied
D. $32,680 underapplied

 

43. Dagnon Corporation uses direct labor-hours in its predetermined overhead rate. At the beginning of the year, the total estimated manufacturing overhead was $299,130. At the end of the year, actual direct labor-hours for the year were 17,400 hours, manufacturing overhead for the year was overapplied by $13,850, and the actual manufacturing overhead was $294,130. The predetermined overhead rate for the year must have been closest to: 
A. $17.70
B. $17.19
C. $18.22
D. $16.90

 

44. The Watts Company uses predetermined overhead rates to apply manufacturing overhead to jobs. The predetermined overhead rate is based on labor cost in Dept. A and on machine-hours in Dept. B. At the beginning of the year, the company made the following estimates:

   

What predetermined overhead rates would be used in Dept A and Dept B, respectively? 
A. 50% and $8.00
B. 50% and $5.00
C. $15 and 110%
D. 200% and $5.00

 

45. Simplex Company has the following estimated costs for next year:

   

Simplex estimates that 10,000 direct labor and 16,000 machine-hours will be worked during the year. If overhead is applied on the basis of machine-hours, the overhead rate per hour will be: 
A. $8.56
B. $7.63
C. $6.94
D. $3.50

 

46. The balance in White Company’s Work in Process inventory account was $15,000 on August 1 and $18,000 on August 31. The company incurred $30,000 in direct labor cost during August and requisitioned $25,000 in raw materials (all direct material). If the sum of the debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account total $28,000 for the month, and if the sum of the credits totaled $30,000, then: 
A. Finished Goods was debited for $82,000 during the month.
B. Finished Goods was credited for $83,000 during the month.
C. Manufacturing Overhead was underapplied by $2,000 at the end of the month.
D. Finished Goods was debited for $85,000 during the month.

 

47. Melillo Corporation has provided data concerning the company’s Manufacturing Overhead account for the month of October. Prior to the closing of the overapplied or underapplied balance to Cost of Goods Sold, the total of the debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account was $67,000 and the total of the credits to the account was $57,000. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. Manufacturing overhead for the month was overapplied by $10,000.
B. Actual manufacturing overhead for the month was $67,000.
C. Manufacturing overhead applied to Work in Process for the month was $67,000.
D. Manufacturing overhead transferred from Finished Goods to Cost of Goods Sold during the month was $57,000.

 

48. Waldvogel Corporation has provided data concerning the company’s Manufacturing Overhead account for the month of April. Prior to the closing of the overapplied or underapplied balance to Cost of Goods Sold, the total of the debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account was $55,000 and the total of the credits to the account was $56,000. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. Manufacturing overhead for the month was underapplied by $1,000.
B. Manufacturing overhead applied to Work in Process for the month was $56,000.
C. Actual manufacturing overhead incurred during the month was $56,000.
D. Manufacturing overhead transferred from Finished Goods to Cost of Goods Sold during the month was $55,000.

 

49. Danoff Corporation has provided data concerning the company’s Manufacturing Overhead account for the month of October. Prior to the closing of the overapplied or underapplied balance to Cost of Goods Sold, the total of the debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account was $68,000 and the total of the credits to the account was $77,000. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. Actual manufacturing overhead incurred during the month was $77,000.
B. Manufacturing overhead applied to Work in Process for the month was $68,000.
C. Manufacturing overhead transferred from Finished Goods to Cost of Goods Sold during the month was $68,000.
D. Manufacturing overhead for the month was overapplied by $9,000.

 

50. On December 1, Catherman Corporation had $21,000 of raw materials on hand. During the month, the company purchased an additional $61,000 of raw materials. During December, $70,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. The debits to the Raw Materials account for the month of December total: 
A. $82,000
B. $70,000
C. $61,000
D. $21,000

 

51. At the beginning of October, Cozier Corporation had $34,000 of raw materials on hand. During the month, the company purchased an additional $78,000 of raw materials. During October, $92,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. The credits to the Raw Materials account for the month of October total: 
A. $92,000
B. $34,000
C. $78,000
D. $112,000

 

52. Mcmackin Corporation had $35,000 of raw materials on hand on August 1. During the month, the company purchased an additional $66,000 of raw materials. During August, $81,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $7,000. The debits to the Work in Process account as a consequence of the raw materials transactions in August total: 
A. $66,000
B. $0
C. $74,000
D. $81,000

 

53. During August at Schlappi Corporation, $80,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $2,000. The journal entry to record this requisition would include a debit to Manufacturing Overhead of: 
A. $2,000
B. $80,000
C. $78,000
D. $0

 

54. Hards Corporation had $38,000 of raw materials on hand on September 1. During the month, the company purchased an additional $54,000 of raw materials. The journal entry to record the purchase of raw materials would include a: 
A. debit to Raw Materials of $54,000
B. debit to Raw Materials of $92,000
C. credit to Raw Materials of $92,000
D. credit to Raw Materials of $54,000

 

55. During May at Landreth Corporation, $81,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $7,000. The journal entry to record the requisition from the storeroom would include a: 
A. debit to Raw Materials of $81,000
B. debit to Work in Process of $81,000
C. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $7,000
D. debit to Work in Process of $74,000

 

56. In December, Perone Inc. incurred $78,000 of direct labor costs and $4,000 of indirect labor costs. The journal entry to record the accrual of these wages would include a: 
A. debit to Work in Process of $82,000
B. debit to Manufacturing Overhead of $4,000
C. credit to Work in Process of $82,000
D. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $4,000

 

57. Inks Corporation incurred $69,000 of actual Manufacturing Overhead costs during June. During the same period, the Manufacturing Overhead applied to Work in Process was $70,000. The journal entry to record the incurrence of the actual Manufacturing Overhead costs would include a: 
A. debit to Manufacturing Overhead of $69,000
B. debit to Work in Process of $70,000
C. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $69,000
D. credit to Work in Process of $70,000

 

58. Mincks Corporation incurred $64,000 of actual Manufacturing Overhead costs during November. During the same period, the Manufacturing Overhead applied to Work in Process was $61,000. The journal entry to record the application of Manufacturing Overhead to Work in Process would include a: 
A. debit to Work in Process of $64,000
B. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $61,000
C. credit to Work in Process of $64,000
D. debit to Manufacturing Overhead of $61,000

 

59. During October, Kreitner Inc. transferred $73,000 from Work in Process to Finished Goods and recorded a Cost of Goods Sold of $76,000. The journal entries to record these transactions would include a: 
A. credit to Work in Process of $73,000
B. credit to Cost of Goods Sold of $76,000
C. debit to Finished Goods of $76,000
D. credit to Finished Goods of $73,000

 

60. During December, Fleeger Corporation incurred $51,000 of direct labor costs and $5,000 of indirect labor costs. The journal entry to record the accrual of these wages would include a: 
A. debit to Work in Process of $56,000
B. credit to Work in Process of $51,000
C. debit to Work in Process of $51,000
D. credit to Work in Process of $56,000

 

61. Lucy Sportswear manufactures a specialty line of T-shirts. The company uses a job-order costing system. During March, the following costs were incurred on Job ICU2: direct materials $13,700 and direct labor $4,800. In addition, selling and shipping costs of $7,000 were incurred on the job. Manufacturing overhead was applied at the rate of $25 per machine-hour and Job ICU2 required 800 machine-hours. If Job ICU2 consisted of 7,000 shirts, the Cost of Goods Sold per shirt was: 
A. $6.50
B. $6.00
C. $5.70
D. $5.50

 

62. Pricton Corporation has a job-order costing system. For the month of April, the following debits (credits) appeared in the Work in Process account:

   

Pricton applies overhead at a predetermined rate of 90% of direct labor cost. Job No. 50, the only job still in process at the end of April, has been charged with manufacturing overhead of $2,250. The amount of direct materials charged to Job No. 50 was: 
A. $9,000
B. $4,250
C. $2,500
D. $2,250

 

63. Beaver Company used a predetermined overhead rate last year of $2 per direct labor-hour, based on an estimate of 25,000 direct labor-hours to be worked during the year. Actual costs and activity during the year were:

   

The underapplied or overapplied overhead last year was: 
A. $1,000 underapplied
B. $1,000 overapplied
C. $3,000 overapplied
D. $2,000 underapplied

 

64. Paul Company used a predetermined overhead rate during the year just completed of $3.50 per direct labor-hour, based on an estimate of 22,000 direct labor-hours to be worked during the year. Actual overhead cost and activity during the year were:

   

The underapplied or overapplied overhead for the year would be: 
A. $13,000 underapplied
B. $10,500 overapplied
C. $2,500 overapplied
D. $2,500 underapplied

 

65. Sweet Company applies overhead to jobs on the basis of 125% of direct labor cost. If Job 107 shows $10,000 of manufacturing overhead applied, how much was the direct labor cost on the job? 
A. $8,000
B. $12,500
C. $11,250
D. $10,000

 

66. Pitzer Corporation, a manufacturing company, has provided data concerning its operations for March. The beginning balance in the raw materials account was $29,000 and the ending balance was $38,000. Raw materials purchases during the month totaled $74,000. Manufacturing overhead cost incurred during the month was $106,000, of which $7,000 consisted of raw materials classified as indirect materials. The direct materials cost for March was: 
A. $83,000
B. $58,000
C. $74,000
D. $65,000

 

67. Jarratt Inc., a manufacturing company, has provided the following data for the month of September. The balance in the Work in Process inventory account was $21,000 at the beginning of the month and $24,000 at the end of the month. During the month, the company incurred direct materials cost of $69,000 and direct labor cost of $31,000. The actual manufacturing overhead cost incurred was $54,000. The manufacturing overhead cost applied to Work in Process was $58,000. The cost of goods manufactured for September was: 
A. $158,000
B. $154,000
C. $151,000
D. $155,000

 

68. Erholm Inc. has provided the following data for the month of March. The balance in the Finished Goods inventory account at the beginning of the month was $43,000 and at the end of the month was $42,000. The cost of goods manufactured for the month was $221,000. The actual manufacturing overhead cost incurred was $45,000 and the manufacturing overhead cost applied to Work in Process was $49,000. Assuming that the balance in the Manufacturing Overhead Account is reduced to zero, the adjusted cost of goods sold that would appear on the income statement for March is: 
A. $218,000
B. $220,000
C. $222,000
D. $221,000

 

69. The following data have been provided by a company:

   

Compute the amount of direct materials used during November if $20,000 in raw materials were purchased during the month. 
A. $21,000
B. $19,000
C. $18,000
D. $15,000

 

70. The actual manufacturing overhead incurred at Huberty Corporation during January was $73,000, while the manufacturing overhead applied to Work in Process was $78,000. The company’s Cost of Goods Sold was $349,000 prior to closing out its Manufacturing Overhead account. The company closes out its Manufacturing Overhead account to Cost of Goods Sold. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. Manufacturing overhead was overapplied by $5,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $354,000
B. Manufacturing overhead was underapplied by $5,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $344,000
C. Manufacturing overhead was underapplied by $5,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $354,000
D. Manufacturing overhead was overapplied by $5,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $344,000

 

71. Molano Corporation has provided the following data concerning manufacturing overhead for June:

   

The company’s Cost of Goods Sold was $255,000 prior to closing out its Manufacturing Overhead account. The company closes out its Manufacturing Overhead account to Cost of Goods Sold. Which of the following statements is true? 
A. Manufacturing overhead was underapplied by $7,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $248,000
B. Manufacturing overhead was overapplied by $7,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $248,000
C. Manufacturing overhead was underapplied by $7,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $262,000
D. Manufacturing overhead was overapplied by $7,000; Cost of Goods Sold after closing out the Manufacturing Overhead account is $262,000

 

 Munos Publishing Company uses a job-order costing system to collect costs related to the manufacture of specialty publications for corporate training.

 

72. What journal entry would Munos make to record the application of $1,200 of manufacturing overhead to Job KN672?

    
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

 

73. What journal entry would Munos make to record the completion of Job KN668 at a total cost of $7,600?

    
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

 

74. What journal entry would Munos make to record $9,500 of depreciation on its printing presses?

    
A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D

 

 Acer Corporation, which applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours, has provided the following data for its most recent year of operations.

   

The estimates of the manufacturing overhead and of machine-hours were made at the beginning of the year for the purpose of computing the company’s predetermined overhead rate for the year.

 

75. The predetermined overhead rate is closest to: 
A. $49.23
B. $49.90
C. $49.78
D. $50.45

 

76. The applied manufacturing overhead for the year is closest to: 
A. $218,581
B. $221,023
C. $223,998
D. $221,556

 

77. The overhead for the year was: 
A. $2,994 underapplied
B. $2,444 overapplied
C. $2,444 underapplied
D. $2,994 overapplied

 

 Baken Corporation applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of direct labor-hours. At the beginning of the most recent year, the company based its predetermined overhead rate on total estimated overhead of $172,140 and 3,800 estimated direct labor-hours. Actual manufacturing overhead for the year amounted to $171,000 and actual direct labor-hours were 3,880.

 

78. The predetermined overhead rate for the year was closest to: 
A. $45.00
B. $44.07
C. $46.25
D. $45.30

 

79. The applied manufacturing overhead for the year was closest to: 
A. $175,764
B. $174,600
C. $179,450
D. $170,992

 

80. The overhead for the year was: 
A. $4,764 overapplied
B. $3,624 underapplied
C. $4,764 underapplied
D. $3,624 overapplied

 

 Cahin Corporation applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. At the beginning of the most recent year, the company based its predetermined overhead rate on total estimated overhead of $21,060. Actual manufacturing overhead for the year amounted to $13,000 and actual machine-hours were 1,380. The company’s predetermined overhead rate for the year was $16.20 per machine-hour.

 

81. The predetermined overhead rate was based on how many estimated machine-hours? 
A. 1,380
B. 802
C. 225
D. 1,300

 

82. The applied manufacturing overhead for the year was closest to: 
A. $23,732
B. $21,060
C. $22,356
D. $13,800

 

83. The overhead for the year was: 
A. $1,296 overapplied
B. $9,356 overapplied
C. $9,356 underapplied
D. $1,296 underapplied

 

 Loraine Company applies manufacturing overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate of 70% of direct labor cost. Any underapplied or overapplied overhead cost is closed to Cost of Goods Sold at the end of the month. During August, the following transactions were recorded by the company:

   

*contains $6,000 of direct labor cost

 

84. The amount of direct materials cost in the August 31 Work in Process inventory account was: 
A. $10,200
B. $9,000
C. $4,800
D. $4,200

 

85. The Cost of Goods Manufactured for August was: 
A. $69,600
B. $69,500
C. $76,900
D. $84,500

 

86. The entry to dispose of the underapplied or overapplied overhead cost for the month would include: 
A. a credit of $100 to Cost of Goods Sold.
B. a credit of $6,000 to Manufacturing Overhead.
C. a debit of $6,000 to Cost of Goods Sold.
D. A credit of $100 to the Manufacturing Overhead Account.

 

87. The balance on August 1 in the Raw Materials inventory account was: 
A. $4,500
B. $7,000
C. $9,000
D. $11,500

 

 On July 1, Woolard Corporation had $20,000 of raw materials on hand. During the month, the company purchased an additional $53,000 of raw materials. During July, $49,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $5,000.
Prepare journal entries to record these events. Use those journal entries to answer the following questions:

 

88. The debits to the Raw Materials account for the month of July total: 
A. $53,000
B. $20,000
C. $73,000
D. $49,000

 

89. The credits to the Raw Materials account for the month of July total: 
A. $53,000
B. $49,000
C. $20,000
D. $73,000

 

90. The debits to the Work in Process account as a consequence of the raw materials transactions in July total: 
A. $53,000
B. $44,000
C. $0
D. $49,000

 

91. The credits to the Work in Process account as a consequence of the raw materials transactions in July total: 
A. $49,000
B. $53,000
C. $0
D. $44,000

 

92. The debits to the Manufacturing Overhead account as a consequence of the raw materials transactions in July total: 
A. $44,000
B. $5,000
C. $0
D. $49,000

 

93. The credits to the Manufacturing Overhead account as a consequence of the raw materials transactions in July total: 
A. $0
B. $5,000
C. $49,000
D. $44,000

 

 On April 1, Bachler Corporation had $37,000 of raw materials on hand. During the month, the company purchased an additional $75,000 of raw materials. During April, $88,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $6,000.

 

94. The journal entry to record the purchase of raw materials would include a: 
A. credit to Raw Materials of $112,000
B. credit to Raw Materials of $75,000
C. debit to Raw Materials of $75,000
D. debit to Raw Materials of $112,000

 

95. The journal entry to record the requisition from the storeroom would include a: 
A. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $6,000
B. debit to Raw Materials of $88,000
C. debit to Work in Process of $82,000
D. debit to Work in Process of $88,000

 

 During August, Sherill Corporation incurred $78,000 of actual Manufacturing Overhead costs. During the same period, the Manufacturing Overhead applied to Work in Process was $81,000.

 

96. The journal entry to record the incurrence of the actual Manufacturing Overhead costs would include a: 
A. debit to Manufacturing Overhead of $78,000
B. credit to Work in Process of $81,000
C. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $78,000
D. debit to Work in Process of $81,000

 

97. The journal entry to record the application of Manufacturing Overhead to Work in Process would include a: 
A. credit to Work in Process of $78,000
B. debit to Manufacturing Overhead of $81,000
C. credit to Manufacturing Overhead of $81,000
D. debit to Work in Process of $78,000

 

 The following partially completed T-accounts summarize last year’s transactions for Kelshaw Company.

   

At the end of the year, the company closes out the balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account to Cost of Goods Sold.

 

98. The indirect labor cost is: 
A. $5,000
B. $12,000
C. $15,000
D. $35,000

 

99. The cost of goods manufactured is: 
A. $56,000
B. $50,000
C. $61,000
D. $55,000

 

100. The cost of goods sold (after adjustment for underapplied or overapplied overhead) is: 
A. $55,000
B. $51,000
C. $54,000
D. $56,000

 

101. The manufacturing overhead applied is: 
A. $28,000
B. $27,000
C. $29,000
D. $36,000

 

102. The cost of direct materials used is: 
A. $20,000
B. $11,000
C. $12,000
D. $15,000

 

 Dasilva Company had only one job in process on May 1. The job had been charged with $1,400 of direct materials, $6,192 of direct labor, and $5,712 of manufacturing overhead cost. The company assigns overhead cost to jobs using the predetermined overhead rate of $11.90 per direct labor-hour. During May, the following activity was recorded:

   

Work in process inventory on May 30 contains $4,773 of direct labor cost. Raw materials consist solely of items that are classified as direct materials.

 

103. The balance in the raw materials inventory account on May 30 was: 
A. $4,700
B. $43,300
C. $3,800
D. $39,500

 

104. The cost of goods manufactured for May was: 
A. $98,920
B. $92,688
C. $120,800
D. $97,310

 

105. The entry to dispose of the underapplied or overapplied overhead cost for the month would include a: 
A. credit of $1,610 to Manufacturing Overhead
B. debit of $4,403 to Manufacturing Overhead
C. credit of $4,403 to Manufacturing Overhead
D. debit of $1,610 to Manufacturing Overhead

 

 Madtack Company’s beginning and ending inventories for the month of November were as follows:

   

Production data for month follow:

   

Madtack applies manufacturing overhead cost to jobs at the rate of 70% of direct labor cost incurred. The company does not close underapplied or overapplied manufacturing overhead to Cost of Goods Sold until the end of the year.

 

106. Madtack Company’s total manufacturing cost for November was: 
A. $502,000
B. $510,000
C. $363,000
D. $495,000

 

107. Madtack Company’s cost of goods manufactured for November was: 
A. $469,000
B. $477,000
C. $495,000
D. $484,000

 

108. Madtack Company’s Cost of Goods Sold for November was: 
A. $484,000
B. $491,000
C. $502,000
D. $476,000

 

109. Madtack Company’s manufacturing overhead for November was: 
A. overapplied by $8,000
B. underapplied by $8,000
C. overapplied by $132,000
D. underapplied by $132,000

 

 Maverick Company had the following transactions last year:

   

 

110. The total cost added to Work in Process during the year was: 
A. $366,000
B. $340,000
C. $420,000
D. $286,000

 

111. The cost of goods manufactured was: 
A. $366,000
B. $420,000
C. $385,000
D. $310,000

 

 The Lee Company uses a job-order costing system. The following data were recorded for June:

   

Overhead is charged to production at 80% of direct materials cost. Jobs 235, 237, and 238 were completed during June and transferred to finished goods. Jobs 235 and 238 have been delivered to customers.

 

112. Lee Company’s cost of goods sold for June was: 
A. $15,520
B. $10,170
C. $9,730
D. $14,640

 

113. Lee’s Work in Process inventory balance on June 30 was: 
A. $4,100
B. $3,940
C. $3,300
D. $9,450

 

 Rappaport Corporation reported the following data for the month of February:

   

   

 

114. The direct materials cost for February is: 
A. $95,000
B. $88,000
C. $79,000
D. $63,000

 

115. The cost of goods manufactured for February is: 
A. $220,000
B. $238,000
C. $241,000
D. $223,000

 

116. The adjusted cost of goods sold that appears on the income statement for February is: 
A. $240,000
B. $238,000
C. $239,000
D. $237,000

 

 Smalling Inc. has provided the following data for the month of November:

   

   

 

117. The cost of goods manufactured for November is: 
A. $226,000
B. $218,000
C. $225,000
D. $217,000

 

118. The adjusted cost of goods sold that appears on the income statement for November is: 
A. $237,000
B. $225,000
C. $214,000
D. $213,000

 

 The Garnet Company uses a job-order costing system. The following data were recorded for February:

   

Overhead is charged to jobs at the rate of 140% of direct labor cost.
Jobs 1, 2, and 3 were completed during February and transferred to finished goods. Job 3 has been delivered to the customer.

 

119. The manufacturing costs added to jobs during the month totaled: 
A. $8,250
B. $11,880
C. $12,500
D. $15,180

 

120. The work in process inventory on February 28 was: 
A. $7,310
B. $9,500
C. $3,950
D. $7,060

 

121. The cost of goods sold during February was: 
A. $5,100
B. $3,000
C. $12,120
D. $8,120

 

 Eccles Corporation uses a job-order costing system and applies overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate. During the year the company’s Finished Goods inventory account was debited for $384,000 and credited for $325,900. The ending balance in the Finished Goods inventory account was $72,100. At the end of the year, manufacturing overhead was underapplied by $5,400.

 

122. The balance in the Finished Goods inventory account at the beginning of the year was: 
A. $72,100
B. $5,400
C. $14,000
D. $58,100

 

123. If the applied manufacturing overhead was $174,000, the actual manufacturing overhead cost for the year was: 
A. $193,400
B. $251,500
C. $179,400
D. $168,600

 

 The following partially completed T-accounts summarize transactions for Faas Company during the year:

   

 

124. The Cost of Goods Manufactured was: 
A. $22,900
B. $22,700
C. $8,200
D. $45,600

 

125. The direct labor cost was: 
A. $8,000
B. $12,100
C. $17,200
D. $11,600

 

126. The direct materials cost was: 
A. $3,600
B. $6,600
C. $5,000
D. $8,000

 

127. The manufacturing overhead applied was: 
A. $4,100
B. $3,300
C. $15,400
D. $9,100

 

128. The manufacturing overhead was: 
A. $3,300 overapplied
B. $3,300 underapplied
C. $100 overapplied
D. $100 underapplied

 

 

Essay Questions
 

129. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:
Natural gas production company
Food caterer that supplies food for weddings and other special events
Elevator production and installation company
Coal mining company
Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order
Dairy farm
Required: For each company, indicate whether the company is most likely to use job-order costing or process costing. 


 


 


 

 

130. Whether a company uses process costing or job-order costing depends on its industry. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:
Brick manufacturer
Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order
Natural gas production company
Dairy farm
Coal mining company
Specialty coffee roaster (roasts small batches of specialty coffee beans)
Required: For each company, indicate whether the company is most likely to use job-order costing or process costing. 


 


 


 

 

131. Some companies use process costing and some use job-order costing. Which method a company uses depends on its industry. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:
Custom boat builder
Frozen cranberry juice processor
Concrete block manufacturer
Winery that produces a number of varietal wines
Aluminum refiner that makes aluminum ingots from bauxite ore
Required: For each company, indicate whether the company is most likely to use job-order costing or process costing. 


 


 


 

 

132. Granite Company uses a job-order costing system. The company applies manufacturing overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on direct labor-hours. Last year, manufacturing overhead and direct labor-hours were estimated at $80,000 and 16,000 hours respectively, for the year. In June, Job #315 was completed. Materials costs on the job totaled $1,500 and labor costs totaled $2,400 at $6 per hour. At the end of the year, it was determined that the company worked 15,000 direct labor-hours for the year, and incurred $78,000 in actual manufacturing overhead costs.
Required: a. Determine the predetermined overhead rate for the year.
b. Determine the amount of overhead charged to jobs during the year.
c. Determine the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead for the year.
d. Assuming that 100 units were completed, determine the unit cost that would appear on the job cost sheet for Job #315. 


 


 


 

 

133. Job 827 was recently completed. The following data have been recorded on its job cost sheet:

   

The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of machine-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is $13 per machine-hour.
Required: Compute the unit product cost that would appear on the job cost sheet for this job. 


 


 


 

 

134. Job 484 was recently completed. The following data have been recorded on its job cost sheet:

   

The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of direct labor-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is $24 per direct labor-hour.
Required: Compute the unit product cost that would appear on the job cost sheet for this job. 


 


 


 

 

135. Alake Company is a manufacturing firm that uses job-order costing. At the beginning of the year, the company’s inventory balances were as follows:

   

The company applies overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on machine-hours. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated that it would work 36,000 machine-hours and incur $216,000 in manufacturing overhead cost. The following transactions were recorded for the year:
a. Raw materials were purchased, $443,000.
b. Raw materials were requisitioned for use in production, $450,000 ($435,000 direct and $15,000 indirect).
c. The following employee costs were incurred: direct labor, $229,000; indirect labor, $54,000; and administrative salaries, $117,000.
d. Selling costs, $119,000.
e. Factory utility costs, $21,000.
f. Depreciation for the year was $121,000 of which $114,000 is related to factory operations and $7,000 is related to selling, general, and administrative activities.
g. Manufacturing overhead was applied to jobs. The actual level of activity for the year was 38,000 machine-hours.
h. The cost of goods manufactured for the year was $910,000.
i. Sales for the year totaled $1,173,000 and the costs on the job cost sheets of the goods that were sold totaled $895,000.
j. The balance in the Manufacturing Overhead account was closed out to Cost of Goods Sold.
Required: Prepare the appropriate journal entry for each of the items above (a. through j.). You can assume that all transactions with employees, customers, and suppliers were conducted in cash. 


 


 


 

 

136. Babbel Company is a manufacturing firm that uses job-order costing. The company’s inventory balances were as follows at the beginning and end of the year:

   

The company applies overhead to jobs using a predetermined overhead rate based on machine-hours. At the beginning of the year, the company estimated that it would work 38,000 machine-hours and incur $266,000 in manufacturing overhead cost. The following transactions were recorded for the year:
· Raw materials were purchased, $300,000.
· Raw materials were requisitioned for use in production, $297,000 $(281,000 direct and $16,000 indirect).
· The following employee costs were incurred: direct labor, $389,000; indirect labor, $62,000; and administrative salaries, $176,000.
· Selling costs, $160,000.
· Factory utility costs, $19,000.
· Depreciation for the year was $143,000 of which $137,000 is related to factory operations and $6,000 is related to selling, general, and administrative activities.
· Manufacturing overhead was applied to jobs. The actual level of activity for the year was 34,000 machine-hours.
· Sales for the year totaled $1,283,000.
Required: a. Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured in good form.
b. Was the overhead underapplied or overapplied? By how much?
c. Prepare an income statement for the year in good form. The company closes any underapplied or overapplied overhead to Cost of Goods Sold. 


 


 


 

 

137. The Allen Company uses a job-order costing system. The following activity took place during the month of March:

   

Required: Prepare journal entries to record the information above. Key your entries by the letters a through i. Assume all purchases are made on account. 


 


 


 

 

138. During December, Ketchum Corporation purchased $64,000 of raw materials on credit to add to its raw materials inventory. A total of $80,000 of raw materials was requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These requisitioned raw materials included $7,000 of indirect materials.
Required: Prepare journal entries to record the purchase of materials and their use in production. 


 


 


 

 

139. During May, Sarkin Corporation incurred $69,000 of actual Manufacturing Overhead costs. During the same period, the Manufacturing Overhead applied to Work in Process was $73,000.
Required: Prepare journal entries to record the incurrence of manufacturing overhead and the application of manufacturing overhead to Work in Process. 


 


 


 

 

140. The following cost data relate to the manufacturing activities of the Kamas Company during the most recent year:

   

The company uses a predetermined overhead rate to charge overhead cost to production. The rate for the year just completed was $4.00 per machine-hour; a total of 6,000 machine-hours were recorded for the year.
Required: a. Compute the amount of underapplied or overapplied overhead cost for the year just ended.
b. Prepare a schedule of cost of goods manufactured for the year. 


 


 


 

 

141. Weisinger Corporation has provided the following data for the month of January:

   

   
Required: Prepare a Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold in good form. 


 


 


 

 

142. Ramil Corporation has provided the following data for the most recent month:

   
Required: Prepare T-accounts for Raw Materials, Work in Process, Finished Goods, Manufacturing Overhead, and Cost of Goods Sold. Record the beginning balances and each of the transactions listed above. Finally, determine the ending balances. 


 


 


 

 

143. During November, Jiminez Corporation recorded the following:

   
Required: Prepare T-accounts for Raw Materials, Work in Process, Finished Goods, and Manufacturing Overhead, and Cost of Goods Sold. Record the beginning balances and each of the transactions listed above. Finally, determine the ending balances. 


 


 


 

 

144. Hirpara Inc. has provided the following data for July:

   

Required: Prepare T-accounts for Raw Materials, Work in Process, Finished Goods, and Manufacturing Overhead, and Cost of Goods Sold. Record the beginning balances and each of the transactions listed above. Finally, determine the ending balances.